The world pledged to end AIDS by 2030. While we have seen remarkable progress in the past decade among children aged 0-9 years, adolescents have been left behind in HIV prevention efforts. A staggering 360,000 adolescents are projected to die of AIDS-related diseases between 2018 and 2030 without additional investment in HIV prevention, testing and treatment programs.
This report examines HIV and AIDS throughout the lifecycle of the child and mother – pregnancy and infancy, childhood, and adolescence – and showcases women’s important role in the HIV response for children. It tells a compelling story about successes achieved over the course of the epidemic, the difficulties encountered and the challenges overcome, and what lies ahead on the continuing road to ending AIDS for children and for all.
UNICEF’s response to HIV in children and adolescents is adapting to address ongoing challenges while remaining true to its overarching principles of equity and human rights. The HIV response is a cross-cutting priority implicit in several SDGs including healthy lives (SDG3), ending poverty (SDG1), education (SDG4), gender equality (SDG5) and reducing inequality (SDG10). In its Strategic Plan 2018–2021, UNICEF’s core objectives are: ‘Finishing the job’ of eliminating mother-to-child transmission Seeking opportunities to prevent HIV in adolescents and young women Timely initiation and retention of children and adolescents in treatment and care
The West and Central Africa region has one of the world’s highest HIV burdens among children and adolescents. Yet, due to its lower HIV prevalence rate, the epidemic has received less attention than in other regions. This report takes stock of the progress and shortfalls in the HIV response in West and Central Africa, offers an analysis of the challenges that continue to slow progress, and outlines several strategic directions to achieve the ‘Three Frees’ targets for ending AIDS among children, adolescents and young women by 2020.
In recent years, the number of people accessing life-saving drugs has soared, yet children and adolescents have not equally benefited from the scale-up of treatment. Global progress toward curbing the HIV epidemic has been uneven, and children have been left behind. This report outlines the remaining challenges related to children and AIDS at each stage of life and proposes strategies to control the epidemic.
UNICEF has long been at the heart of global efforts to put the HIV epidemic into an irreversible and rapid retreat. Under the Strategic Plan for 2018–2021, UNICEF will continue to align its HIV-related commitments to global goals and targets and frameworks. UNICEF’s Global HIV Response 2018–2021 document describes the differentiated approaches that will be applied to tailor strategies to the distinct epidemiological, political and sociocultural contexts in which we work.
This review, commissioned by the OHTA Initiative, examines the literature and programme experience on community engagement and community-facility linkages for PMTCT programmes to promote the successful uptake of PMTCT services and retention in lifelong ART by women during pregnancy or breastfeeding. It also puts forward operational considerations for the practical application of this evidence to guide programme strategy and implementation.
This technical brief describes the 'Accelerating Access and Integration of Innovative Point-of-Care HIV Technologies in National Diagnostics Programs' project implemented in 10 countries by UNICEF in partnership with the Clinton Health Access Initiative (CHAI) and the African Society for Laboratory Medicine (ASLM), with funding and support from UNITAID. Point-of-care HIV technologies provide faster HIV testing results than conventional laboratories. They enable infants infected with HIV to start treatment earlier and help to reduce mortality in the early months of their lives.
This report of the All In initiative showcases the significant contributions of many partners to research, innovations, community mobilization, programmes and policy actions aimed at ending the AIDS epidemic in adolescents.
The Children and AIDS website provides a wide range of resources, videos and scientific articles, offering users the latest and most up-to-date information on HIV.