In the global effort to end HIV and AIDS, children and adolescents continue to fall behind. New cases of infection still occur at birth, during breastfeeding and in adolescence; and not enough children and adolescents living with HIV have access to testing and life-saving treatment. As a result, hundreds die every day.
“While there has been promising progress in the HIV response, children continue to be affected by the epidemic”
Most new infections in children and adolescents occur in sub-Saharan Africa, the epicenter of HIV and AIDS. To break the cycle of new infections and deaths, children, their mothers and adolescents must be tested for HIV and linked to treatment. A top priority for UNICEF is addressing structural factors – poverty, lack of education and violence – that put people, especially adolescent girls and young women, at risk of acquiring HIV.
2.8 million children and adolescents were living with HIV in 2018 — nearly 9 out of 10 in sub-Saharan Africa
Number of children and adolescents aged 0-19 living with HIV, by country, 2018