Curriculum reform to meet the individual needs of students (Uzbekistan)

Student with disability
UNICEF Uzbekistan / 2020 / Sorochin


In 2019, UNICEF intensified its technical assistance to the Government of Uzbekistan on curriculum reforms using a competency-based approach, working to combat low learning levels and the exclusion of children with disabilities, of whom only 40 per cent were in mainstream schools. A new curriculum—with the inclusion of those with disabilities at its heart—was developed for Grades 1 and 2 that is flexible and focuses on learning.

When COVID-19 struck, about 6.2 million learners in Uzbekistan experienced education disruptions. When schools reopened in November and December 2020, UNICEF advocated for inclusivity. This complemented ongoing curriculum reform in the country and increased use of learning assessment, as well as teacher training on inclusive education and on tailored instruction in the classroom to students at different learning levels.

To assess and compensate for the learning losses, the Government, with UNICEF support, developed blended learning programmes as well as individualized learning remedial and catch-up programmes, which are currently being rolled out. These programmes aim to remedy lost learning and reorient instruction in the long-term, with a focus on grouping students according to their learning levels and teaching accordingly.