In recent years, an increasing number of children and families from Central America are migrating north via irregular pathways, in the hope of resettling in the United States of America. Some are fleeing brutal gangs, while others are trying to escape poverty. Many are hoping to reunite with family already in the US. Despite stricter immigration enforcement measures in Mexico and the US, children and families in Central America will continue to make the dangerous journey, unless the root causes of this migration are addressed. Protecting children must be at the heart of any solution.