How to protect yourself and others against COVID-19

Government of Nepal Ministry of Health and Population, WHO and UNICEF
17 March 2020
This image shows an illustration of a person with a thermometer in their mouth

Fever (100.4°F and higher)

This image shows an image of a woman having difficulty breathing

Difficulty in breathing

This image shows an illustration of a man coughing


How to protect yourself and others from COVID-19?

This image shows two illustrations: one of a person coughing and others staying away from him; second of a person wearing a mask

Avoid close contact with anyone with a cold or flu-like symptoms, and if you have a fever or are coughing yourself please keep a distance from others or make sure to use a mask. 

This image shows two illustrations: One, of a person sneezing into a tissue, and the second, of a person sneezing and coughing into their elbow

Cover nose and mouth when coughing or sneezing with tissue or a flexed elbow. Once you have used a tissue, please make sure to dispose of it properly in a covered waste bin, and remember to wash your hands thoroughly for a minimum of 20 seconds with soap and water or using an alcohol-based hand sanitizer.

This image shows an image of a man walking into a crowd, which one should not do. It also shows a man and a woman greeting each other with a Namaste to avoid direct contact.

Avoid crowds and recommend others to the same. Instead of shaking hands, do a 'namaste' instead. 

This image shows an illustration of a pair of hands washing under a tap using soap, and a pair of hands using hand sanitizer

Clean hands frequently and thoroughly with soap and water, or alcohol-based hand sanitizer



If you have returned from overseas, please make sure to stay home for 14 days, maintaining a distance from family members as well. If you see any of the symptoms described above, please contact a health facility immediately. 

This image shows a man who has just returned from a COVID-affected seeking advice from a doctor, as well as isolating himself from his family
This image shows all the major COVID-19 hotlines

For information on COVID-19 from the Ministry of Health and Population:

- Call the hotlines at 1115 and 1133 from 6 AM to 10 PM

- Call 9851255839, 9851255837, 9851255834 from 8 AM to 8 PM

- Search for MoHP Nepal COVID-19 on Viber to join the Ministry's community


Or get WHO health alerts on WhatsApp by texting "hi" to +41 79 8931892

Preventive measures to be taken at home for first 14 days by persons returning from overseas

Leave home only to seek medical care:
You should restrict activities outside your residence, except for getting medical care. Do not go to work, school, or public areas, and do not use public transportation or taxis.

Separate yourself from other people in your house:
Do not share your room. Stay separately from other people in the house. Use a separate bathroom as far as possible.

Do not share household items:
Do not share your utensils, drinking glasses, cups, plates, towels, bedding or other items with other people in the house. Wash your belongings thoroughly with soap and water after use.

Wash your hands regularly:
Wash your hands regularly and thoroughly with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. Use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are not available and if your hands are not visibly dirty. Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth with dirty hands.

Cover your mouth and nose while coughing and sneezing:
Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue or flexed elbow while coughing or sneezing. Throw used tissues in a trash can which can be closed and immediately wash your hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds.

Wear a face mask:
Wear a face mask when you are in the same room with other people or while visiting a healthcare provider. If you cannot wear a mask, the people who live with you should wear one while they are in the same room with you.

Monitor your symptoms:
Seek immediate medical help if your illness worsens within these 14 days (e.g., diffi culty in breathing, increase in body temperature more than 100.4 °Fahrenheit). Inform the health worker that you have, or are being evaluated for, COVID-19 infection. Continue wearing a clean face mask. This will help the healthcare provider in preventing other people from getting infected.

Additional resources

Resources in Nepali

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