Humanitarian Action for Children
UNICEF’s Humanitarian Action for Children appeal helps support the agency’s work as it
provides conflict- and disaster-affected children with access to water, sanitation, nutrition,
education, health and protection services. Return to main appeal page.
Chad is one of the poorest countries in the world – with 47 per cent of the population living below the poverty line – and is facing multiple humanitarian crises. Some 3.9 million people are food insecure, including more than 360,000 children under 5 years suffering from severe acute malnutrition (SAM). Measles and cholera outbreaks, which have been aggravated by the precarious water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) situation, have shaken the fragile health system.
Insecurity has led to the displacement of hundreds of thousands of people fleeing non-state armed groups in the Lake Chad basin and from neighbouring countries, including the Central African Republic and the Sudan. Following the resurgence of armed conflict in the Lake province, some 42,000 people were newly displaced and 5,000 Nigerian refugees entered the country. Overall, Chad is hosting over 468,000 refugees and nearly 171,000 people are internally displaced.
As insecurity increases, children are at risk of gender-based violence, recruitment by armed groups and family separation. In addition, 49 schools were temporarily closed in the Lake region in 2019 (24 per cent of the 210 schools located in insecure areas). The country is also extremely vulnerable to the effects of climate change and natural disasters.
Key planned results for 2020
360,205 children aged 6 to 59 months with SAM admitted for treatment
160,000 children aged 6 months to 14 years vaccinated against measles
102,600 school-aged boys and girls aged 3 to 17 years affected by crisis receiving individual learning materials
Funding requirements for 2020
UNICEF will implement a multi-sectoral and gender-sensitive humanitarian response in Chad, while strengthening the coherence and linkages between its humanitarian action and development programming. This will include better linking emergency cash transfers with regular social protection programming.
As lead of the WASH, education and nutrition clusters and the child protection sub-cluster, UNICEF will reinforce national systems for emergency preparedness and response for the provision of quality basic social services. Malnutrition will be addressed through SAM management and the provision of preventive interventions through the integrated management of acute malnutrition in 272 new outpatient therapeutic nutrition units, reaching over 1,000 of the 1,551 functional health centres.
Preventive services will be provided to children under 5 and pregnant and breastfeeding women through the promotion of infant and young child feeding practices and micronutrient supplementation. UNICEF will deliver quality learning to crisis-affected children; community-based child protection services and mental health and psychosocial support for children and adolescents with referral mechanisms; reintegration services for vulnerable children and survivors of gender-based violence; and continued WASH services during crises.
A secondary focus will be on fostering social and behavioural changes within communities to improve programme impact. For all interventions, UNICEF will prioritize collaboration with government authorities and institutions to bolster their emergency preparedness and response capacities.
Humanitarian Action is at the core of UNICEF’s mandate to realize the rights of every child. This edition of Humanitarian Action for Children – UNICEF’s annual humanitarian fundraising appeal – describes the ongoing crises affecting children in Chad; the strategies that we are using to respond to these situations; and the donor support that is essential in this response.