UNICEF calls for urgent action to respond to alarming levels of increasing sexual violence against girls and women in eastern DRC
Gender-based violence reports in North Kivu increased by 37 per cent in the first three months of 2023 compared to last year, according to humanitarian agencies
KINSHASA, 18 May 2023 – UNICEF is calling for an urgent and significant scale-up of interventions and funding to respond to the escalating number of cases of sexual violence reported against children and women in North Kivu province in the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC).
Reports of gender-based violence (GBV) against girls and women in North Kivu increased by 37 per cent during the first three months of 2023 compared to the same period a year ago, according to the GBV coordination group in the province. More than 38,000 cases of GBV were reported for all of 2022 in North Kivu alone. In most cases, survivors reported being attacked by armed men and displaced men in and around the camps.
“Deeply vulnerable children and women, seeking refuge at camps are instead finding themselves facing more abuse and pain,” said UNICEF DRC Representative Grant Leaity. “The surge in sexual violence against children is horrifying, with reports of some as young as 3 years old having been sexually exploited. This wake-up call should shock, sicken, and jolt us all into action.”
Since the beginning of March 2022, over 1.16 million people have been displaced by clashes between parties to the conflict in North Kivu. Almost 60 per cent of those displaced are living in overcrowded sites and collective shelters just outside of Goma, the provincial capital, where risks of sexual violence are extremely high. UNICEF is also aware of the very high levels of sexual exploitation of children at more than 1,000 sites in and around displacement camps.
The impact on the physical and mental health of girls and women is immeasurable and long-lasting. Approximately 1 in 4 survivors of sexual violence are in need of specialized medical and psychological support, according to the GBV coordination group.
UNICEF has stepped up its activities to prevent and respond. The agency has been providing essential medical and psychosocial services to affected girls and women at the four largest displacement camps near Goma. In collaboration with the Provincial Division of Social Affairs and in partnership with Heal Africa, UNICEF has also established safe spaces for girls and women within displacement camps, where psychologists, professional social workers and trained community-based para-social workers identify and care for children and women in need, referring them for additional services as required.
To protect girls and women, UNICEF is urgently calling for a significant scale-up of services to prevent and respond to sexual violence in and around displacement camps; a halt to the large-scale sexual exploitation of girls and women; and the dismantling of the identified sites in and around camps where sexual exploitation occurs.
UNICEF is also appealing to donors more generally for increased assistance to the population living in displacement camps, in particular for better access to water and safe sanitation facilities, and increased provision of health and education services and food assistance.
“We call on the government, local authorities, partners and donors to take all necessary actions to end this situation immediately, to shut down known sites of sexual exploitation, and to protect women and girls who have already been victims of displacement,” added Leaity.
Notes to editors:
As defined by the Inter-Agency Standing Committee’s Guidelines for Integrating Gender-Based Violence Interventions in Humanitarian Action (2015), GBV constitutes “any harmful act that is perpetrated against a person’s will and that is based on socially ascribed (i.e. gender) differences between males and females.” It includes acts that inflict physical, sexual, mental and economic harm or suffering; threats of such acts; coercion; and deprivations of liberty, whether occurring in public or private life. The term is primarily used to describe violence caused by an expression of power inequalities between women and men that gives women and girls lesser social, economic and political power in relation to men and boys.