The law entitles all children within Thailand to enrol in school, regardless of their background or nationality.
Around 95 per cent of primary-school age children in the country attend school. Unfortunately, disparities in access are more pronounced at the secondary school level. About 14 per cent of secondary-school age children are not in school. The largest proportion of children not in school are from disadvantaged communities, migrants, or children living with a disability.
The quality of education is also a major challenge. Of the 72 countries covered by the 2015 Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), Thailand ranked 54th in science and 57th in mathematics. Results from the 2016 national tests in nine core subjects for Grade 12 students revealed that students in Thailand failed eight out of nine subjects on average. This level of competency is likely to have a serious, long-term impact on the country’s future if not quickly addressed.