Children in Indonesia stand a better chance of being in school than ever before. Yet around 4.4 million children and adolescents aged 7–18 years are still out of school.
The poorest children, children with disabilities and children living in under-developed parts of the country are most at risk of school exclusion.
For example, 13 to 15-year-old junior secondary school (JSS) children from the poorest households are five times more likely to be out of school than those from the wealthiest households.
Geographically, the JSS out-of-school rates range from 1.3 per cent in Yogyakarta – a a relatively affluent city – to 22 per cent in Papua – the country’s easternmost province and the poorest.