The ACT Framework Package: Measuring Social Norms Around Female Genital Mutilation

Mekiya is happy that she is saved from undergoing FGM. Though she is too young to understand all the consequences of the practice, she learned at school that FGM can cause complications during childbirth.
UNICEF Ethiopia/2020/Mulugeta Ayene


The ACT Framework is a macro-level monitoring and evaluation (M&E) framework containing a compendium of indicators to track and measure social norms change resulting from social and behavior change interventions addressing female genital mutilation (FGM). At the heart of the ACT framework is a set of 10 questions that can be used to create a social norms index. These are supported by indicators you can choose from to measure other factors associated with social norms, including individual and social level change, social networks, and gender norms. 
The ACT Framework and its supporting tools will allow you to:  

  1. Select from a menu of indicators to design research instruments tailored to your program’s theory of change and implementation status.  
  2. Choose indicators from the menu as needed to design research that is as complex or as simple as the scale and resources of your programme.  
  3. Find detailed guides, tip sheets and templates to help programme staff engage and manage stakeholders who will be involved in the study, including research agencies, government counterparts, partner agencies and communities. 


From the drop down menu to the right, you will find the following tools: 

  1. ACT Framework: conceptual framework, list of indicators, and guidance on implementing the framework 
  2. ACT Instruments: data collection tools (i.e. questionnaires, interview and focus group discussion guides, etc.) 
  3. ACT Implementation Templates: implementation logistics (i.e. TORs, templates on recruitment, budgeting, training guide, etc.) 
  4. ACT 2X2 Training Tables: guidance on using the 2X2 qualitative data collection tool
  5. Social Norms Desk Review
Front page of the ACT framework.