Humanitarian Action for Children
UNICEF’s Humanitarian Action for Children appeal helps support the agency’s work as it
provides conflict- and disaster-affected children with access to water, sanitation, nutrition,
education, health and protection services. Return to main appeal page.
Children in Somalia continue to face acute humanitarian needs due to conflict, constraints on humanitarian access to insecure areas and erratic rains. An estimated 5.2 million people, including 2.6 million displaced persons and 3.2 million children, will require humanitarian assistance in 2020.
Conflict continues in Somalia, with some populations experiencing forced displacement and rising humanitarian needs due to ongoing operations between government forces and non-state actors. Women, children and people with disabilities remain highly vulnerable, with gender-based violence and child recruitment continuing to undermine well-being in 2019.
Due to the delayed rains in 2019, the major crop harvest was 68 per cent lower than average and was the worst harvest on record. As a result, over 178,000 children are at risk of severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in 2020, and some 6.3 million people are facing higher risks of food insecurity. In addition, 2.7 million people are in need of water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) support, and 3.1 million people require health assistance.
The shifting dynamics in Somalia will continue to impact humanitarian access, particularly as the country heads into national elections in 2020. This situation will require flexible programming and linkages with sustainable solutions, where possible.
Key planned results for 2020
3,000 survivors of gender-based violence accessing a package of gender-based violence services (medical, legal, mental health, psychosocial support and materials)
133,500 children aged 0 to 59 months with SAM admitted to therapeutic care
800,000 people reached with emergency water services in targeted settlements and communities
Funding requirements for 2020
In 2020, UNICEF, will continue to advocate for life-saving health, nutrition, education, WASH and child protection interventions for Somali children, leveraging its leadership position in the country and linking its humanitarian action with development programming. Working closely with stakeholders, UNICEF will build sustainable programmes, wherever possible, and foster resilience at all levels – from the household level to the community, state and national levels.
Cash programming will be a critical component of the emergency response, and humanitarian cash will be integrated into existing social protection mechanisms. Community engagement and participation will be considered in all humanitarian programmes and communication for development will be used as a cross-cutting strategy to support the achievement of results.
UNICEF will build on its work to improve accountability to affected populations by focusing on inclusion of children with disabilities, gender equity and the establishment of feedback mechanisms. Women and children will be actively included in programme design and implementation to strengthen community involvement and identify cross-cutting needs and appropriate solutions. UNICEF will also support communities with appropriate technologies and utilize various channels to increase awareness and accountability and thereby empower women, children and other vulnerable groups to voice their needs.
Humanitarian Action is at the core of UNICEF’s mandate to realize the rights of every child. This edition of Humanitarian Action for Children – UNICEF’s annual humanitarian fundraising appeal – describes the ongoing crises affecting children in Somalia; the strategies that we are using to respond to these situations; and the donor support that is essential in this response.