Humanitarian Action for Children
UNICEF’s Humanitarian Action for Children appeal helps support the agency’s work as it
provides conflict- and disaster-affected children with access to water, sanitation, nutrition,
education, health and protection services. Return to main appeal page.
- In Somalia, an estimated 7.7 million people, including 5 million children, will need humanitarian assistance in 2022 due to the devastating impact of conflict, insecurity, floods,drought, desert locusts infestation and the COVID-19 pandemic.
- Girls, boys and families are experiencing food insecurity, higher food and other commodity prices coupled with a decrease in remittances, strained public services and significant protection challenges.
- UNICEF partners with the Government, civil society organizations and the private sector to implement its humanitarian, development and resilience-building programmes while maintaining solid emergency preparedness and response capacity.
- UNICEF appeals for US$177 million to provide humanitarian services to 1.3 million people, including 826,000 children in Somalia. The funds will allow UNICEF to scale up multi-sectoral basic services delivery focusing on hard-to-reach areas, introduce new programme components, such as humanitarian cash transfers, and strengthen its leadership role in cluster coordination and information management.
Key planned results for 2022
931,316 children and women accessing health care
1.3 million people accessing a sufficient quantity of safe water
230,000 children / caregivers accessing mental health and psychosocial support
220,000 children accessing educational services
Funding requirements for 2022
Country needs and strategy
Humanitarian needs continue to rise in Somalia due to the protracted political crisis, armed conflict, climate change implications, desert locust infestation and COVID-19 pandemic. In addition, violence, armed groups, drought and floods continue to displace families, deepen vulnerabilities of host communities, affect access to essential services, and hinder aid delivery to the affected population. An estimated 71 per cent of the population lives below the poverty line. At least 58 per cent of internally displaced and 46 per cent of the host community members earn between US$0 to US$15 per month. In total, 7.7 million people, including 5 million children, will need humanitarian assistance in 2022.
By the end of 2021, approximately 3.5 million people are expected to face a crisis or emergency. Consequently, an estimated 1.3 million children under 5 years of age are likely to be wasted, including 295,000 severe cases. In addition, an estimated 6.5 million people lack access to essential health services that remain inadequate to serve the population's needs.
Out of the 2.9 million people displaced in Somalia, 574,000 were forced out of their homes in 2021, living in more than 2,400 displacement sites. Most of the displacement happened as a result of conflict, followed by drought. Furthermore, 92,000 people had been evicted by August. Vulnerable host communities have also been overburdened, competing over scarce resources.
Approximately 6.4 million people need access to emergency water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) services. Some 2.4 million people need access to sustained safe drinking water, while 1.9 million people use water from unprotected sources such as wells and springs. In addition, 3.6 million people do not have access to improved sanitation facilities. As a result, vulnerable families often adopt negative coping strategies putting them at risk of waterborne diseases, including acute watery diarrhoea/cholera. Furthermore, high displacement rates and heightened risks of gender-based violence create psychosocial and mental health challenges for 2.3 million children. Children in the displacement sites are at higher risk of violence, while girls, women and minority groups are affected by sexual violence. Children with disabilities are especially vulnerable and have the most unmet needs.
COVID-19 school closures and other emergencies have disrupted children's education. Consequently, over 3 million children currently require education in emergency support. Finally, retention of crisis-affected children in schools and the capacity of education personnel have contributed to the deterioration in education outcomes and harmed student learning and well-being, especially for the vulnerable.
UNICEF's humanitarian strategy aims to respond to the needs identified in the Humanitarian Needs Overview 2021, cluster priorities, and is guided by the Core Commitment to Children in Humanitarian Action. UNICEF leads the nutrition and WASH clusters, and co-leads the education cluster and child protection sub-cluster, providing dedicated full-time support to coordination and information management. UNICEF prepositioned emergency supplies in nine prepositioning hubs for the rapid response. In addition, UNICEF implements its programmes in some of the hardest-to-reach areas, reassuring its robust field presence in three offices and expanding its partnerships.
Building on lessons from previous years, UNICEF will pursue a balanced approach between providing an immediate life-saving response, investing in systems strengthening and building the resilience of services and communities. UNICEF will expand the programme monitoring to engage communities in the design, reach and quality. Furthermore, UNICEF programmes will be informed by solid risk analysis and humanitarian access monitoring. UNICEF will prioritize gender, disability, equity, mainstream PSEA and AAP in its programmes.
With public services under strain, UNICEF will continue to provide life-saving health and nutrition interventions through community-based activities for affected populations. In 2022, UNICEF will expand its Risk Communication and Community Engagement strategies to reach families affected by emergencies. UNICEF will also support nutrition services targeting children and pregnant/lactating mothers with nutrition screening, vitamin supplementation, promotion of safe infant and young child feeding practices, and treatment for severe acute malnutrition.
UNICEF's water and sanitation programme will establish safe, sustainable water supply systems: drilling strategic boreholes, maintaining, upgrading and expanding the water structures, sanitation facilities and distributing hygiene kits and information.
On the protection of children, UNICEF will continue with prevention campaigns and specialized services targeting survivors of gender-based violence. In 2022, UNICEF aims to scale up its mental health and psychosocial support program. Children associated with armed groups will have access to psychosocial support and life skills to facilitate their reintegration.
Vulnerable children and youth will participate in safe and protective educational programmes that allow for the continuation of learning, the development of literacy and numeracy skills, and opportunities for structured recreation and play. In addition, infection prevention and control measures, including hygiene promotion, will be mainstreamed in education and health facilities.
Vulnerable children and families will receive social protection services, including humanitarian cash transfers, in line with the Grand Bargain commitments and leveraging UNICEF's current support to the Government's social transfers delivery mechanisms.
Humanitarian Action is at the core of UNICEF’s mandate to realize the rights of every child. This edition of Humanitarian Action for Children – UNICEF’s annual humanitarian fundraising appeal – describes the ongoing crises affecting children in Somalia; the strategies that we are using to respond to these situations; and the donor support that is essential in this response.