Central African Republic Appeal
Humanitarian Action for Children
UNICEF’s Humanitarian Action for Children appeal helps support the agency’s work as it
provides conflict- and disaster-affected children with access to water, sanitation, nutrition,
education, health and protection services. Return to main appeal page.
Central African Republic snapshot
The Central African Republic is experiencing a protracted and complex humanitarian crisis. Over 580,000 people are internally displaced and 606,000 are living as refugees outside of the country. While 350,000 people returned in 2019 – often to devastated villages – one in five Central Africans has fled conflict.
Despite the signing of a peace agreement in early 2019, 2.6 million people, including 1.2 million children, will need humanitarian assistance in 2020, representing 59 per cent of the country's population. Acute needs are expected to increase during the year, from 1.6 million to 1.7 million people, due to continuing violence and destruction, diminishing capacities for resilience, limited access to basic services, underfunding, access constraints and insecurity.
In 2020, over 49,000 children under 5 years will need treatment for severe acute malnutrition (SAM) – a 14 per cent increase from 2019 – and over 1 million children will lack access to safe water. Fifteen per cent of schools remain closed due to conflict, and one in five or half a million children will be out of school as a result. Low levels of immunization may lead to new epidemic outbreaks. Almost 800,000 children (one third) will need protection, including from gender-based violence.
Key planned results for 2020
472,722 children under 5 years vaccinated against polio
100,000 children reached with psychosocial support, including access to child-friendly spaces
120,000 children accessing formal or non-formal education
Funding requirements for 2020
Working with partners in the country’s most troubled areas, and using pre-positioned supplies, UNICEF will prioritize child-centered life-saving interventions and risk reduction for crisis-affected, displaced and returning people in the Central African Republic. Working through the Rapid Response Mechanism, UNICEF will conduct assessments on new crises and provide essential household items and water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) support to vulnerable people newly affected by shocks. In coordination with partners, UNICEF will provide complementary responses in child protection, health and/or education, as well as follow-up WASH interventions and SAM treatment, using mobile approaches when relevant.
Child protection support will include psychosocial support and services addressing gender-based violence and children's release from armed groups and reunification with their families. Out-of-school and other vulnerable children will be supported to access safe learning spaces and quality education. UNICEF will continue to lead the nutrition, WASH and education clusters and the child protection sub-cluster, and work with line ministries to reinforce the Government’s capacity in humanitarian coordination and response, while increasing its focus on accountability to affected populations and cash-based interventions. As much as possible, UNICEF will ensure that humanitarian assistance is followed up on with recovery and development-oriented community-based programming.
Humanitarian Action is at the core of UNICEF’s mandate to realize the rights of every child. This edition of Humanitarian Action for Children – UNICEF’s annual humanitarian fundraising appeal – describes the ongoing crises affecting children in Central African Republic; the strategies that we are using to respond to these situations; and the donor support that is essential in this response.