Equity for children
Children need safe environments and access to relevant and quality birth registration, health, nutrition, care, education, and water, sanitation and hygiene services for their comprehensive development.
There are persistent injustices affecting children due to their gender, ethnicity, place of residence, living conditions or different abilities:
- In 2016, 11 out of every 1,000 babies died during the first month of life, largely from preventable causes.
- In 2016, 43.6 per cent of children aged 6 to 35 months suffered from anaemia; in some Andean zones, the rate reached 76 per cent. Suffering from anaemia restricts a child’s physical, cognitive and socio-emotional development and can result in learning problems.
- 26.6 per cent of households lack access to the public water system; in some Amazon regions, this figure reaches 75 per cent. Furthermore, 35.8 per cent lack access to the public sanitation network, which put’s children’s health at risk.
- Only 13 per cent of children under 3 years had access to early childhood development programmes in 2015.
- 383,000 children under the age of 12 are out-of-school and more than 643,000 are at risk of dropping out.
To tackle these inequities, UNICEF works with the State and civil society partners to:
- strengthen policies and regulatory and budget frameworks for rural, indigenous and Afro-Peruvian populations for civil registration, full development in early childhood, preschool and primary education, water and sanitation services, disaster risk management and environmental protection;
- improve collaboration and activate coordination mechanisms among the various government institutions and levels;
- develop relevant and high-quality models for the application of policies at the local level;
- strengthen social and community surveillance, participation and monitoring of services and policy management; and
- strengthen the capacity of service providers in prioritized regions and the training programmes of public institutions.