Clean water, basic toilets and good hygiene practices are essential for the survival and development of children. Without these basic needs, the lives of millions of children are at risk. For children under five, water- and sanitation-related diseases are one of the leading causes of death. Every day, children die from preventable diseases caused by poor water, and a lack of sanitation and hygiene.
“10.8 million people in Nepal do not have access to improved sanitation, and 3.5 million do not have access to basic water services.”
Nepal has made significant progresses in expanding access to water and sanitation over the last few decades despite tremendous challenges such as poverty, difficult terrains and conflicts. Compared to 46 per cent in 1990, ninety-five per cent of households now have access to improved water sources and sixty-two per cent of households are using an improved sanitation facility, up from 6 per cent in 1990.But