Data Must Speak: Brazil

Reports and project briefs

Children in a classroom
UNICEF/UN0225940/Raoni Libório


Despite several efforts to strengthen its education system, the State of Maranhão in Brazil continues to face challenges in equitably improving student learning outcomes.

By merging and analyzing existing administrative datasets in Maranhão, Brazil, this report helps identify important associations between various factors and school performance in Maranhão, Brazil. These results will serve as a basis for identifying possible policy priotrities and areas for future research in the education sector.

Data Must Speak - a global initiative implemented since 2014 - aims to address evidence gaps to mitigate the learning crisis using existing data. The DMS Positive Deviance survey is co-created and co-implemented with Ministries of Education and partners. DMS research draws on mixed methods and innovative approaches (i.e., positive deviance approach, behavioral sciences, implementation research, and scaling science) to generate knowledge and practical lessons about “what works,” “why,” and "how" to scale basic solutions for decision makers and the international community interested in the area of education.

The DMS research is currently implemented in 14 countries: Brazil, Burkina Faso, Chad, Ivory Coast, Ethiopia, Ghana, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Madagascar, Mali, Nepal, Niger, United Republic of Tanzania, Togo and Zambia.

Cover of report on : Unpacking Factors Influencing School Performance in Maranhão featuring children playing at school
Andrea Lépine, Ana Luiza Minardi and Jessica Bergmann
Publication date
Portuguese, English