Eastern and Southern Africa Region Appeal
Humanitarian Action for Children
UNICEF’s Humanitarian Action for Children appeal helps support the agency’s work as it
provides conflict- and disaster-affected children with access to water, sanitation, nutrition,
education, health and protection services. Read more about this year’s appeal here.
Protracted and new disasters have impacted a staggering number of people in Eastern and Southern Africa, and in 2020 will require substantial effort in terms of emergency preparedness and response strategies, mechanisms, tools and partnerships. More than 33 million people in the countries covered in this regional appeal, including nearly 17 million children, are in need of humanitarian assistance due to climate-related shocks, health emergencies, conflict, economic shocks and displacement.
Since the beginning of the southern African monsoon season in 2019, rainfall deficits have led to lower seasonal production, food deficits, price increases, lack of access to clean water, growing food insecurity and a rising number of severe malnutrition cases in many countries in the region. Some 2 million people affected by climate shocks in seven countries are included in the scope of this regional appeal.
The public health risk in the region is also growing, with 10 out of 21 countries reporting cases of cholera and acute watery diarrhoea. The Ebola outbreak in the Kivu and Ituri provinces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo continues to threaten neighbouring countries. Other health risks include outbreaks of measles in the Comoros and dengue fever in the United Republic of Tanzania.
The United Republic of Tanzania and Zambia are also hosting and responding to the needs of more than 330,000 refugees from Burundi and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, including 230,000 children on the move.
Funding requirements for 2020
Humanitarian funds channelled through the UNICEF Eastern and Southern Africa Regional Office are strategically allocated to country offices to facilitate the organization's response to the most pressing needs of children across the region. These funds enable countries to enhance their preparedness and response to emergencies, particularly emergencies that require a multi-country, integrated and immediate response, but that are not large enough in scale to warrant a standalone country appeal.
This appeal focuses on four components in line with the Core Commitments for Children in Humanitarian Action.
- The first is to support multi-country actions for children and women who are displaced and have crossed borders as refugees or migrants by providing technical assistance to governments and partners on child protection case management, family tracing and reunification, alternative care for unaccompanied and separated children, and basic services for health, water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH), nutrition and education.
- The second is to support climate-induced disaster response, including to drought, cyclones and flooding, through the delivery of life-saving interventions for children, in partnership with national and international actors.
- The third is to support preparedness and response to health emergencies by providing clean water supplies, household sanitation and hygiene, WASH in schools and health facilities, and strengthening national health systems to prepare for and respond to epidemics, including Ebola, should the outbreak spread from the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
- The fourth is to provide regional technical assistance, quality assurance and oversight to support countries to achieve humanitarian results in nutrition, health, WASH, child protection, education, HIV and AIDS, social protection and communication for development.
UNICEF will also support capacity building for effective preparedness and response to and recovery from humanitarian situations, including on humanitarian performance monitoring, information management preparedness and sector integrated humanitarian response, with a focus on national systems strengthening and resilience building.
Find out more about UNICEF's work
Humanitarian Action is at the core of UNICEF’s mandate to realize the rights of every child. This edition of Humanitarian Action for Children – UNICEF’s annual humanitarian fundraising appeal – describes the ongoing crises affecting children in Eastern and Southern Africa; the strategies that we are using to respond to these situations; and the donor support that is essential in this response.