Europe and Central Asia Region Appeal
Humanitarian Action for Children
UNICEF’s Humanitarian Action for Children appeal helps support the agency’s work as it
provides conflict- and disaster-affected children with access to water, sanitation, nutrition,
education, health and protection services. Read more about this year’s appeal here.
Children in Europe and Central Asia are exposed to a range of emergency risks, including armed conflict, displacement, disease outbreaks and natural hazards.
Ukraine is entrenched in a protracted conflict affecting 500,000 children; Turkey is host to 4 million refugees and asylum-seekers, including 1.7 million children; and southeastern Europe is an active transit route for migrants and refugees seeking asylum.
Given the continued ceasefire violations and regular exchange of fire over the disputed territory of Nagorno-Karabakh, the prospect of a peaceful political settlement in the South Caucasus remains distant.
The unresolved political status of other disputed territories, including Abkhazia, South Ossetia and Transnistria, is restricting humanitarian access.
Border clashes in un-demarcated territories have put young people in Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan at risk of harm and displacement.
Much of the region lies in an active seismic zone, with Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkey and Uzbekistan at risk of major earthquakes.
Countries in southeastern Europe, particularly Bosnia and Herzegovina and Serbia, are highly prone to floods and landslides. Both countries experienced flooding in June 2019.
Funding requirements for 2020
To promote child-centred and risk-informed humanitarian response and risk reduction in Europe and Central Asia, UNICEF will intensify its collaboration with regional partners, notably United Nations agencies, inter-governmental organizations and non-governmental organizations.
UNICEF will enhance preparedness and response capacities in the region, focusing on the nine higher-risk countries and leading preparedness planning initiatives requiring multi-country approaches (e.g., to flooding). In collaboration with the World Health Organization (WHO), UNICEF will support disease outbreak preparedness planning in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kazakhstan and North Macedonia. These initiatives will be undertaken through country programme engagement with governments and local and international actors.
UNICEF will prioritize investments in regional inter-agency partnerships, including the Capacity for Disaster Reduction Initiative (CADRI) and the Center for Emergency Situations and Disaster Risk Reduction (CESDRR), to promote child-centred disaster risk reduction programming and emergency preparedness initiatives. Under the regional UNICEF-International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) partnership, a training programme will be launched in three Central Asian countries (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Turkmenistan) to build the capacities of local disaster authorities and national Red Crescent societies to prevent gender-based violence and sexual exploitation and abuse and prioritize accountability to affected populations.
UNICEF will support six countries – Armenia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Serbia, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan – to integrate cash into national emergency response plans. The recently developed emergency child protection programming self-learning package will be rolled out across the region to strengthen the capacities of child protection professionals to detect and respond to child protection challenges in emergencies. UNICEF will support risk monitoring, information management, advocacy-based activities and inter-agency initiatives, including country and multi-country simulation exercises, in collaboration with regional partners such as the International Organization for Migration (IOM), the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), the World Food Programme (WFP) and WHO.
Humanitarian Action is at the core of UNICEF’s mandate to realize the rights of every child. This edition of Humanitarian Action for Children – UNICEF’s annual humanitarian fundraising appeal – describes the ongoing crises affecting children in Europe and Central Asia; the strategies that we are using to respond to these situations; and the donor support that is essential in this response.