Burkina Faso Appeal
Humanitarian Action for Children
UNICEF’s Humanitarian Action for Children appeal helps support the agency’s work as it
provides conflict- and disaster-affected children with access to water, sanitation, nutrition,
education, health and protection services. Return to main appeal page.
Burkina Faso snapshot
The humanitarian situation in Burkina Faso was one of the fastest growing crises of 2019. The number of violent security incidents significantly increased compared with previous years, and inter-community conflicts have added another complex dimension to the crisis.
In 2020, more than 2.2 million people will be in need of humanitarian assistance, including 1.2 million children. The number of people who have been forcibly displaced has risen from 87,000 in January 2019 to nearly 487,000 in October 2019 (44 per cent children), and the country is also hosting nearly 27,000 Malian refugees. An estimated 91 per cent of internally displaced persons are settled in host communities that are growing increasingly vulnerable.
UNICEF estimates that 330,000 children in affected regions are in need of psychosocial support. Insecurity has also severely impacted basic social services: over 2,000 schools are closed, affecting 330,000 children and 9,000 teachers; and 69 health facilities are closed and 71 are functioning with minimum operations, affecting nearly 817,000 people. Over 147,000 children under 5 years are suffering from severe acute malnutrition (SAM), including nearly 86,000 children in the seven emergency-affected regions. The prevalence of global acute malnutrition exceeds the critical threshold in the Sahel and Est regions.
Key planned results for 2020
197,304 children accessing mental health and psychosocial support
147,131 children under 5 years with SAM admitted into therapeutic feeding programmes
270,000 children aged 6 to 59 months vaccinated against measles
Funding requirements for 2020
In 2020, UNICEF will scale up its multi-sectoral humanitarian response in Burkina Faso through partnerships, sectoral and inter-sectoral coordination and collaboration with the Government, in line with peacebuilding, conflict-sensitive and resilience strategies.
UNICEF will support simplified approaches to SAM treatment and partnerships with community-based health workers to facilitate the delivery of health and nutrition services, while continuing to strengthen systems. Water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) interventions will combine emergency and rapid response, with medium-term resilience-building strategies, such as Community-Led Total Sanitation, adapted to emergency contexts. UNICEF will diversify formal and non-formal education using radio education programmes and the Safe School Strategy and through the provision of technical support for Koranic and Franco-Arabic schools.
UNICEF will emphasize building the resilience of families and communities to cope with adversity, focusing on gender and disabilities, and accelerating both prevention of and response to child protection concerns. Partnerships with local actors will be strengthened to continue service delivery in conflict-affected communities, including through systematic support to community-based child protection mechanisms and capacity development of community-based health workers. UNICEF will also strengthen its engagement in the Rapid Response Mechanism, in collaboration with relevant nongovernmental organizations and United Nations agencies, including through technical support and procurement.
Humanitarian Action is at the core of UNICEF’s mandate to realize the rights of every child. This edition of Humanitarian Action for Children – UNICEF’s annual humanitarian fundraising appeal – describes the ongoing crises affecting children in Burkina Faso; the strategies that we are using to respond to these situations; and the donor support that is essential in this response.