The Situation of Children in Mozambique 2021
The Situation Analysis of Children in Mozambique was produced by UNICEF Mozambique Country Office in close collaboration with the Ministry of Women, Gender, Children and Social Action and the Ministry of Economy and Finance.
This Situation Analysis of Children in Mozambique provides a comprehensive gender-sensitive and equity-focused report on children throughout the life cycle and examines progress on relevant child-related Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The life cycle approach details the phases of development, starting from a mother’s health during pregnancy, to adolescence. It targets the needs of children at critical periods, including transitions throughout their lifetime, and in particular, links the early childhood development experience with poverty, linear growth, health, and well-being into adolescence and adulthood (Lake & Chan, 2015; Britto et al., 2017).
Mozambique is at a critical juncture. While the outlook was optimistic up to 2015, the country has since been contending with a national debt crisis and the devastating impacts of Cyclones Idai and Kenneth in 2019, and more recently by the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic and the violent conflict in the north of the country (European Commission, 2021).
Mozambique’s vulnerability to climate shocks –including floods, droughts, cyclones and coastal erosion – are ever-present threats that are likely to increase over the coming years (The Netherlands, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 2018; Global Centre for Risk and Innovation, 2019). Although the economy is projected to recover during 2021, this recovery is contingent on factors such as favourable conditions for foreign direct investment, national stability, better emergency preparedness and a successful COVID-19