All children have the right to survive and thrive. Yet, children and adolescents still face significant challenges surviving past infancy and developing to their full potential.

vaccinating a child
UNICEF Mongolia

The challenges

Critical child issues with persisting disparities include Under 5 mortality rate, which in the Western region is now almost four times higher than in Ulaanbaatar and is almost four times higher for children in the poorest quintile compared to children in the wealthiest quintile. Only 31 per cent of pregnant women in the Western regions receive correct quality antenatal care compared to 84 per cent in Ulaanbaatar.

Challenges in child survival and development are related to uneven access to services and limited availability of essential medicines and supplies, relatively weak equity focus in legislation, policies and budget allocation, as well as persistence of negative behavioural practices among public.  

The solutions

UNICEF's action with partners

UNICEF works to 

  • Develop capacity of national institutions on costing and budgeting for policies, strengthening local child health services, and supply chain management of essential health commodities
  • Address environmental health impacts to decrease preventable child mortality due to pneumonia and diarrhea
  • Generate evidence to advocate for equitable child survival policy and resource allocation for public healthcare
  • Introduce new high impact low cost interventions to protect child’s health
  • Strengthen partnership with academia to support curricula revision to include integrated maternal, newborn and child health and non-communicable disease prevention for adolescents. 

Major results

  • UNICEF integrated the Reach Every District and Soum (REDS) strategy into the national health system. This model successfully piloted in Khuvsgul province and Nalaikh district aimed at delivering maternal and child health services to hard-to-reach population.
  • The skills of the health service providers were improved and sectoral development plans were informed by the emerging evidence from the field with the support of UNICEF.
  • UNICEF provided technical support to the development of the National plan on Early Essential Newborn Care (EENC) and the National programme on reproductive maternal, newborn and child care. The national EENC plan was successfully implemented and contributed to the reduction of early newborn deaths.
  • UNICEF supported Measles Supplementary Immunization Activities during measles outbreak in 2016.


These resources represent just a small selection of materials related to the Health Programme of UNICEF Mongolia and its partners. The list is regularly updated to include the latest information.


Reaching those most in need

Healthy babies, happy mothers 

Ending child deaths from pneumonia

Picture imperfect: Vulnerable families access social services

Photo Essay

Vulnerable families access social services


Breastfeeding in the workplace: Let's make it work! 


Reducing preventable child deaths from pneumonia, diarrhea and newborn complication in Mongolila