One in three women and girls experience violence in their lifetime, while more than a third of boys experience physical violence.
Violence against children is pervasive in homes, schools and communities in Indonesia. Bullying and shaming are common in schools, with 18 per cent of girls and 24 per cent of boys affected. Boys are especially at risk of physical attacks in school.
Teachers often use physically and emotionally violent forms of punishment to discipline children. They also lack knowledge and skills to recognize and report violence and refer students to services to address any harm they have experienced.
Adolescent girls are more likely than boys to be subjected to harmful traditional practices such as child marriage and female genital mutilation (FGM). One out of every nine girls are married before the age of 18, and girls from the poorest households are five times more likely to be married as children than their wealthiest counterparts. The rate of FGM is high, at 52 per cent.