Top five reasons why immunization is important

Ensuring complete immunization of yourself and your family is critical to save lives

Midhat Moini
A mother and child at a Routine Immunization session in a hospital in Khowang Tea Estate in the northeastern Indian state of Assam.
UNICEF/UN0491574/Vishwanathan
25 April 2022

Immunization is one of the more important medical interventions. Over the course of history, it has helped keep millions of us protected against some of the most devastating and deadly diseases ever to befall mankind. 

In fact, it has been so effective that some diseases that were once feared are now extinct or easily manageable. Yet, in the recent past many unheard-of diseases are emerging too. This makes immunization even more crucial. 

Here are 5 reasons why immunization is important for every child! 

Shilpa Kadam with her son Mayuresh Kadam during a routine immunization at the Government hospital in Kolhapur in Indian state of Maharashtra
UNICEF/UN0558980/Singh
Shilpa Kadam, with her son, Mayuresh Kadam during a routine immunization at the Government hospital in Kolhapur in the Indian state of Maharashtra.

Immunization saves lives 

Modern vaccines and oral drops have protected children from a wide variety of dangerous and fatal diseases.

In fact, some historically prevalent diseases have now been eradicated from various countries owing to successful immunization campaigns. Smallpox is one such example. 

Parents and their twins wait for their routine immunization at Givernment hosiptal in wens
UNICEF/UN0558990/Singh
Parents and their twins wait for their routine immunization at a Government hospital in Maharashtra

Immunization protects the next generation 

Immunization has helped rid the world of some very serious debilitating diseases. Polio, for example, has now been eradicated from the country, meaning current and future generations will never have to suffer from it. 

Other diseases, like rubella can also pass from a mother to their unborn child if the mother is not vaccinated. By vaccinating people today, we are able to prevent the spread of serious diseases to future generations and ensure they grow up healthier.

A health worker talks to a mother at a routine immunization session at a Government hospital in Maharashtra
UNICEF/UN0558965/Singh
A health worker talks to a mother at a routine immunization session at a Government hospital in Maharashtra

Immunization can help save money 

In a country like India where a large section of the population belongs to minimal income groups, supporting a family member suffering from a preventable disease can be difficult.

It not only consumes all financial savings but at times, pushes families towards financial instability. The family member who is assigned the role of taking care of the sick often finds themselves unable to participate in economic activities and contribute to the income of the family. All of this can be avoided by taking the correct vaccine at the right time. 

Mayuresh Kadam with her mother at a routine immunization  at a Government hospital in Maharashtra
UNICEF/UN0558969/Singh
Mayuresh Kadam with her mother at a routine immunization at a Government hospital in Maharashtra

Various types of disabilities in children can be avoided by timely immunization and intervention 

All across the world, disability right movements are picking up and garnering support and forging new ways towards a more accessible, inclusive and sustainable world.

While all these are extremely positive steps, one must not forget to acknowledge the benefits of childhood immunization against disability. The most obvious example remains polio which has been managed by most countries through the oral dose.

Another example is measles which can become a prime cause of blindness, deafness and some forms of mental disability among surviving children. 

A health worker immunizes a child at a routine immunization session at Government hospital in Indian state of Maharashtra
UNICEF/UN0558992/Singh
A health worker immunizes a child during a routine immunization at Government hospital in Indian state of Maharashtra

Immunization is important to protect your family and friends 

Many preventable diseases are also communicable. Sometimes the person who gets infected survives but someone they know with compromised immunity might succumb.

The coronavirus [SARS‑CoV‑2] is a recent example of one such disease. It is important to get yourself and your child vaccinated against such diseases if you are living with older or sick family members. Immunization not only saves your life but also the lives of people around you.

It is rather a civic duty to ensure complete immunization of yourself and your family.