11 months of war in Ukraine have disrupted education for more than 5 million children - UNICEF

On International Day of Education, UNICEF calls for increased support to ensure learning opportunities for children in Ukraine and in refugee-hosting countries

24 January 2023
Момче разлиства учебник
UNICEF/UN0686464/Gilbertson - Highway Child

SOFIA/KYIV/NEW YORK, 24 January 2023 – The ongoing war in Ukraine has disrupted education for more than five million children, UNICEF warned today, calling for increased international support to ensure children do not fall further behind. The impact of 11 months of conflict only compounds the two years of lost learning due to the COVID-19 pandemic, and more than 8 years of war for children in eastern Ukraine.

“Schools and early childhood education settings provide a crucial sense of structure and safety to children, and missing out on learning could have lifelong consequences,” said Afshan Khan, UNICEF Regional Director for Europe and Central Asia. “There is no pause button. It is not an option to simply postpone children’s education and come back to it once other priorities have been addressed, without risking the future of an entire generation.”

Деца от Украйна посещават уроци по български език
UNICEF Bulgaria/2022/Stoykov

In Bulgaria, 2,250 children from Ukraine are enrolled in the local education system. Ukrainian children study at 431 schools and 220 kindergartens, including 101 schools and 3 kindergartens in Sofia.

‘Education and schooling are crucial for every child. UNICEF will continue to assist displaced children so that they can learn and develop in Bulgaria. Together with partners, UNICEF supports access to education for over 4,000 children in the current school year, including through Bulgarian language classes and safe learning and play areas’, said Christina de Bruin, UNICEF Representative in Bulgaria. 

In Ukraine, the continued use of explosive weapons – including in populated areas - has meant that thousands of schools, pre-schools or other education facilities across the country have been damaged or destroyed. At the same time, many parents and caregivers are reluctant to send children to school due to safety concerns.

Inside Ukraine, UNICEF is working with the Government to help get children back to learning, in classrooms when it is deemed safe, and through online or community-based alternatives if in-person learning is not possible.

Момче от Украйна пише домашни на свещ заради липса на електричество

While more than 1.9 million children were accessing online learning opportunities, and 1.3 million children enrolled in a combination of in person and online, recent attacks against electricity and other energy infrastructure have caused widespread blackouts and left almost every child in Ukraine without sustained access to electricity, meaning that even attending virtual classes is an ongoing challenge.

The situation outside of Ukraine is also concerning, with an estimated 2 out of 3 Ukrainian refugee children not currently enrolled in the host country’s education system. There are several factors behind this, including stretched education capacities and the fact that, at the start of the crisis and throughout the summer, many refugee families opted for online learning, instead of attending local schools, as they hoped to be able to return home quickly.

“UNICEF will continue working with the Government of Ukraine and the host countries’ Governments to deliver solutions to help children in conflict areas and those who have been displaced from their homes to continue their education,” said Khan.

Inside Ukraine, UNICEF is calling for an end to attacks on education facilities, civilian and energy infrastructure that children and families depend on. We also call for increased support in ensuring children have access to offline learning materials and supplies to ensure they continue learning and can remain connected to their peers and teachers; as well as support for Ukraine’s recovery plan, and efforts to rebuild and rehabilitate schools and preschools. 

In refugee-hosting countries, UNICEF is calling for prioritization of the integration of Ukrainian refugee children into national education systems across education levels, especially early childhood education and primary education – with qualified teachers, learning materials and available spaces to support their face-to-face learning, development, and well-being. It is important that relevant authorities identify and overcome regulatory and administrative barriers that hinder children’s access to formal education across all levels and provide clear and accessible information to refugee families. Where access to education system cannot be immediately ensured, UNICEF calls for provision of multiple pathways to learning especially for secondary school age children.

Media contacts

Boryana Gidikova
Communication Officer
UNICEF Bulgaria
Tel: +359 893 52 52 40


UNICEF works in 190 countries and territories to save children’s lives. To defend their rights. To help them fulfil their potential. And we never give up. UNICEF, for every child.

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