Child rights

With the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child the world made a promise to children - to do everything to protect and promote their rights to: survive, thrive, learn, to hear their voice and reach their potential.

Деца позират усмихнати, скупчени зад оградата на спортна площадка.
UNICEF/Bulgaria/2016/Popov

Convention On The Rights Of The Child

On 20.11.1989 the General Assembly of the United Nations adopted the Convention on the Rights of the Child - the first legally binding international convention to promote human rights for all children. Republic of Bulgaria ratified it with resolution of the Grand National Assembly on 04/11/1991, and since June 1991 the Convention has been in force in the country as part of the domestic law.

The full text of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child.

UN Convention on the Rights of the Child child-friendly version in Bulgarian.

General Comments of the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child explaining the Convention:


 

General comment No. 1 (2001) ARTICLE 29 (1):The aims of education 

General comment No. 2 (2002) The role of independent national human rights institutions in the promotion and protection of the rights of the child

General comment No. 3 (2003) HIV/AIDS and the rights of the child

General comment No. 4 (2003) Adolescent health and development in the context of the Convention on the Rights of the Child

General comment No. 5 (2003) General measures of implementation of the Convention on the Rights of the Child (arts. 4, 42 and 44, para. 6)

General comment No. 6 (2005) Treatment of unaccompanied and separated children outside their country of origin 

General comment No. 7 (2005) Implementing child rights in early childhood

General comment No. 8 (2006) The right of the child to protection from corporal punishment and other cruel or degrading forms of punishment (arts. 19; 28, para. 2; and 37, inter alia)

General comment No. 9 (2006) The rights of children with disabilities

General comment No. 10 (2007) Children’s rights in juvenile justice

General comment No. 11 (2009) Indigenous children and their rights under the Convention

General comment No. 12 (2009) The right of the child to be heard

General comment No. 13 (2011) The right of the child to freedom from all forms of violence

General comment No. 14 (2013) On the right of the child to have his or her best interests taken as a primary consideration (art. 3, para. 1)

General comment No. 15 (2013) On the right of the child to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of health (art. 24)

General comment No. 16 (2013) On State obligations regarding the impact of the business sector on children’s rights

General comment No. 17 (2013) On the right of the child to rest, leisure, play, recreational activities, cultural life and the arts (art. 31)

General comment No. 20 (2016) On the on the implementation of the rights of the child during adolescence

General comment No. 21 (2018) On the Children in street situations