Education is a fundamental human right. UNICEF is dedicated to making sure that all children can enjoy their right to a quality education, from early learning opportunities that lay the groundwork for success in school, all the way through secondary school.
Over the last 20 years, Nepal has made significant progress in education. The net enrolment rate in primary schools has risen to 97 per cent. However, the country still has many challenges to tackle. Issues that persist in education include poor quality and inequity in access, geographical remoteness, gender, and socioeconomic and ethnic differences. Key barriers to enrolment and attendance include poverty, social exclusion, disability, migration, child labour, social norms and gender bias.
- 770,000 children aged 5-12 years are still out of school.
- Only a half of students in grades 3, 5 and 8 meet the academic achievement criteria for Nepali and mathematics.
- Attendance in early childhood education (ECE) is still low at 51 per cent.
- There is inequity in the education sector as only 12 per cent of children from the lowest wealth quintile are developmentally on track in literacy and numeracy compared to 65 per cent from the highest wealth quintile.
- Very few schools meet child-friendly school standards.
- Only 11 per cent of school buildings are earthquake-resistant.