World Children's Day
Children's Ombudswoman Maia Banarescu talked about how children's rights are protected in Moldova
In Moldova, Children's Day is traditionally celebrated on 1 June, but 20 November is considered an important date in the formation of the institute for children's rights. On this day in 1954, the UN General Assembly adopted the Declaration of the Rights of the Child, and later in 1989 – the Convention on the Rights of the Child.
Children's Ombudswoman Maia Banarescu explained why the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child is one of the most important international documents that Moldova has ever ratified.
‘The adoption of this convention means that the state assumes the responsibility to respect and ensure compliance with the rights guaranteed by the convention. With the adoption of this convention, Moldovan laws have changed, special bodies for the protection of children have been formed. The issues related to children have become a priority in state policy’, emphasized the ombudswoman.
Over the past 29 years of independence, Moldova has made significant changes in the legislation on the protection of children's rights. At the recommendation of the UN, the institution of the People's Advocate for human and children's rights was developed. These ombudsmen ensure compliance with the rules set out in the Convention on the Rights of the Child.
However, as noted by the ombudswoman, not all the mechanisms created in the country work. Authorities have not yet developed or adopted clear standards, laws or policies to protect the most vulnerable categories of children, such as street children or children at risk.
‘I am often asked why there is so much talk about children's rights. And I always answer quite categorically that, in fact, it is not so. There is much talk about children's obligations. But this is a big mistake. The child has no obligations, only responsibility. We, as parents, have the obligation to raise him, to educate him’, says Maia Banarescu.
She also mentioned that the authorities and authorized institutions, first of all, should contribute to the promotion and protection of children's rights. Children should enjoy all universally recognized human rights and freedoms, as well as their special rights and freedoms.
The child must be treated with respect, and the state has the obligation to respect his rights and provide him with all the necessary conditions for development.
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