Multiple deprivations in children in Madagascar
The main findings from the analysis of MICS-6 data, using the Multiple Overlapping Deprivation Analysis (MODA) methodology developed by UNICEF
This note presents the main findings from the analysis of MICS-6 data, using the Multiple Overlapping Deprivation Analysis (MODA) methodology developed by UNICEF. This study was carried out jointly with the National Institute of Statistics (INSTAT) and should serve as a reference line for monitoring SDG 1.2.2. on multidimensional child poverty.
MODA analysis is used to overcome several limitations of traditional approaches to poverty analysis in terms of measuring child well-being. First, conventional measures assess poverty at the household level and are therefore unable to identify any discrimination that may exist within the household itself. Then, traditional measures examine poverty from a purely monetary point of view, although children have complex needs that are only indirectly linked to financial constraints.
One of the main advantages of the MODA approach is that it allows us to see the overlapping deprivation in children. The idea is that the more a child suffers from deprivations simultaneously, the more disadvantaged they will be. For example, a child who is malnourished and lives far from a health centre will be less able to cope with illness. Therefore, it is interesting to know not only how many children suffer from different deprivations, but also whether it is the same children who suffer from different deprivations.