Monitoring of children's rights
Strengthening national capacity to collect, disseminate and use reliable data for effective monitoring of children's rights in Kazakhstan
Monitoring of children's rights
Monitoring the implementation of children's rights is one of the key objectives of UNICEF at the international and local level. In determining priorities for action and developing an action plan in Kazakhstan, a crucial role is played by a qualitative analysis of the situation in the country as a whole and in each region separately, as well as a careful assessment of legislation. Only detailed and objective information allows planning the most appropriate and effective approach.
UNICEF in Kazakhstan facilitates the collection of independent data, assists partners in conducting in-depth studies on childhood and motherhood issues, analyzes the situation of children and identifies critical barriers to the implementation of their rights. One of the priorities is to strengthen national capacity to collect, disseminate and use reliable disaggregated data, along with developing institutions of accountability and independence and building partnerships for effective monitoring of children's rights and achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals until 2030.
In 2017, UNICEF for the first time released the statistical yearbook “Children of Kazakhstan”, presenting to public a comprehensive picture of the situation of children in the country
The Committee on Statistics of the Ministry of National Economy of the Republic of Kazakhstan, together with UNICEF, prepared two issues of the statistical yearbook “Children of Kazakhstan”. The collection is unique in its wide data coverage - for the first time various data on children by age, gender and regions of Kazakhstan was collected in one document. The main achievement of this work is systematization of various indicators on the situation of children aged 0 to 17 years living in all regions of Kazakhstan. Yearbooks cover the years 2000, 2005, 2010-2015 and 2016.
Having a full insight into children, their well-being, needs and peculiarities, the Government, non-governmental and international organizations will be able to rely on valid data to coordinate and plan policies for children
Effective mechanisms for the implementation of children's rights require constant intensive data collection at the national and regional levels. Together with the statistical services of Kazakhstan, UNICEF develops and tests indicators and approaches for enhanced monitoring of children's rights through household surveys, population censuses, civil registration systems, administrative data and other sources. To this end, Kazakhstan implements the Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS), an international household survey program developed by UNICEF.
In 2015, 16,500 households were surveyed, including women - 12,670, children under 5 - 5,561
The MICS is designed to collect statistically accurate and globally comparable assessments of key indicators used to analyze the situation of children and women: their health, education, nutrition, children’s development and protection level, women's reproductive health, HIV/AIDS status, water supply and sanitation, use of the media and information-and-communication technologies, tobacco and alcohol use, and women’s personal assessment of their well-being. The MICS is extremely
important to fully monitor the country's progress in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals, especially in reporting on indicators that are priorities for children and families.
In Kazakhstan, the MICS survey was conducted three times (2006, 2011, 2015). It is planned to conduct it on a regular basis and to integrate administrative and statistical data into a comprehensive system for monitoring of well-being and ensuring the rights of children.