The Impact of Sudan's Armed Conflict on the Fiscal Situation and Service Delivery

Highlighting the magnitude of fiscal loss to basic services and household incomes

safe learning spaces, child friendly spaces, CFS, displaced children, refugee children, refugees, internally displaced children, play, learning, drawing, girls, boys, animators
UNICEF Sudan/2023/Mohamdeen


On 15 April 2023, conflict erupted in Sudan between the Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF) and Rapid Support Forces (RSF). Since then, intense clashes have continued between the warring forces in Khartoum, Darfur and some areas of Kordofan states, as well as between the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement- North (SPLM-N) Al Hilu faction and SAF in South Kordofan State. Prior to the conflict, the children of Sudan were already in a precarious situation with more than 6.9 million of school-going age out of school; three million children under-five years of age suffering from malnutrition; one third of the population in need of water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) facilities; and more than three million women and girls at risk of gender-based violence (GBV). Since the onset of the conflict, over six million people have been displaced including about three million children, nearly a quarter of whom have crossed to neighbouring countries. Over 3,130 allegations of severe child rights violations have been reported in the country. This is just the tip of the iceberg, with severe under reporting due to communications blackouts and lack of access. About 14 million children, or one in every two children, need urgent humanitarian assistance. All schools in the country have been closed with 19 million children out of school. Additionally, an estimated 4.2 million women and girls are at risk of GBV.

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