Transition to high school or vocational training schools is one of the milestones in a child's education.
- only four in five children in Romania complete 8th grade and 7 in 10 complete high-school or vocational training (UNICEF study, 2017)
- four in ten 15-year-old students barely write, read and count (PISA test, 2018)
- one in five adolescents and young people doesn’t go to school and gets no training (UNICEF study, 2014)
Most rural communities and remote urban neighborhoods have primary schools and a lower secondary schools (grade 5-8), high schools and vocational training schools being available mostly in towns and cities.
The consequence for pupils from disadvantaged communities is a high dropout rate between grade 8 and grade 9, before they can finish compulsory education.
- The enrolment rate of rural students is 20 percentage points lower than the one of urban students and girls are more at risk of dropping out than boys.
- Many times, pupils affected by poverty and living in rural areas are left out of high school because of access issues. In some cases, there is no public transportation system, or it is too expensive for their families to pay for, as well as for other costs like lunches, clothing etc.
- Sometimes, the lack of education of parents contributes to their lack of understanding of the school system and to their inability to support their children's education and aspirations.
- They do not necessarily see the benefits of high education while they see the opportunity cost of not sending their children to school or using their labor at home.
- This reduces chances for their children to have a successful transition to high school.