Levels & Trends in Child Mortality
Estimates developed by the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (Report 2019)
Tremendous progress in child survival has been made over the past two decades. The total number of deaths among children and young adolescents under 15 years of age dropped by 56 per cent from 14.2 (14.0, 14.5)1 million in 1990 to 6.2 (6.0, 6.7) million in 2018. Still, one child or young adolescent died every five seconds in 2018.
Globally, 85 per cent of deaths among children and young adolescents in 2018 occurred in the first five years of life, accounting for 5.3 million deaths, of which 2.5 million (47 per cent) occurred in the first month of life, 1.5 million (29 per cent) at age 1–11 months, and 1.3 million (25 per cent) at age 1−4 years. An additional 0.9
million deaths occurred among children aged 5−14 years.
Among children and young adolescents under 15 years of age, the risk of dying was highest in the first month of life, at an average rate of 18 (17, 19) deaths per 1,000 live births globally in 2018. In comparison, the probability of dying after the first month and before reaching age 1 was 11 (11, 12) per 1,000, the probability of
dying after reaching age 1 and before reaching age 5 was 10 (9, 11) per 1,000, and the probability of dying after reaching age 5 and before reaching age 15 was 7 (7, 8) per 1,000.