Dissemination of the results of the Multidimensional Overlapping Deprivation Analysis in children

Joint press release

25 August 2023
Les mères en train de nourrir leurs enfants après la démonstration culinaire effectuée au site de nutrition communautaire à Ankaranabo.
UNICEF Madagascar/2023/Ralaivita
Mothers feed their children after the cooking demonstration at the community nutrition site of Ankaranabo.

Antananarivo – Friday, 25 August, 2023. The Ministry of Economy and Finance, through INSTAT, and with UNICEF technical and financial support, is disseminating the results of the Multidimensional Overlapping Deprivation Analysis (MODA) in children.

The study is part of the monitoring of the SDG 2.2 on multidimensional child poverty. Based on data from the 5th Demographic and Health Survey (DHS 5), the analysis examines the deprivations encountered by children by considering non-monetary aspects. It is therefore an innovative approach in more than one way that takes into account the deprivations suffered by children in the following dimensions: health, nutrition, water, sanitation, education, housing, child protection and communication. In other words, the logic of this approach suggests that a child may face significant deprivations in terms of welfare, even if he belongs to a non-poor household. Moreover, the MODA analysis contributes to a better understanding of the children’s situation by adopting a multidimensional approach and identifying the deprivations endured by a child according to his socio-demographic and cultural characteristics.


Results of the MODA analysis show among others that:

  • Almost two thirds of Malagasy children (66.9%) suffer from multidimensional poverty. This proportion has hardly changed since 2018 when it was estimated at 67.6%.
  • About one in five Malagasy children (18.4%) suffer from extreme multidimensional poverty. This proportion is slightly lower than that of 2018 (23.7%).
  • Multidimensional poverty affects rural children much more (73%) than urban children (34.2%).
  • The regions most affected by multidimensional poverty are: Betsiboka, Melaky, Menabe, Atsimo Andrefana, Androy, Anosy, Ihorombe, Atsimo Antsinanana where more than 77.7% of children suffer from it.
  • Extreme poverty is very high among children whose mothers have no education or are illiterate, children whose mothers are separated or divorced, 3rd children in their family, children whose head of household has no education, children from large families, children from households with younger heads, children from Toliara Province.
  • The forms of deprivation vary according to the place of residence. Children living in rural areas are more affected by deprivation than those living in urban areas, in almost all dimensions, except nutrition and health.
  • In terms of overlapping deprivations, 7.1% of children under 5 years old suffer from overlapping deprivations in nutrition, health and water. This percentage is higher in the Southern and Western regions of the country.
  • About one in seven (15%) children aged 0 to 4 years suffer simultaneously from deprivation in nutrition, housing and sanitation. The proportion is very high in the Southern regions of Madagascar;
  • Among girls, only 4.6% endure overlapping deprivations in communication, housing and early marriage and 5.6% suffer from simultaneous deprivations in communication, housing and early pregnancy. Generally, these two overlaps go hand in hand and are most common in the Ihorombe, Melaky and Androy Regions.

The Minister of Economy and Finance, Mrs Rindra Hasimbelo Rabarinirinarison, in her speech, welcomes the initiative to carry out the MODA study since each country is halfway to the target of the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Therefore, the study will allow for a mid-term review of the achievements achieved so far. It also makes it possible to rectify the situation for the coming years. Moreover, as a mother, the achievement of goals related to the well-being of children, particularly SDG 2.2, is very important to her. It also invites stakeholders to take ownership of the results of the study and use them wisely in this crucial period.

The UNICEF interim Representative emphasizes that UNICEF, through its mandate, will continue to provide an innovative solution, including MODA, to address the multiple challenges related to improving the situation of children in Madagascar. It ensures that UNICEF supports and accompanies the country in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals.




Media contacts

Timothy James Irwin
Chief of Communication
UNICEF Madagascar

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