The peculiarity of the situation in Kazakhstan is that 82% of children in boarding schools have parents. At the same time 18,000 children with special needs and registered disabilities constitute more than 51% of the total number of children in boarding schools. That is why the programs for development of equal inclusive access of children and their families to the social infrastructure should play a significant role in working upon the reasons for the further inflow of children to boarding schools.
The Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan makes great efforts to ensure that every child grows up in a family. However, the number of pupils of boarding schools is still high. UNICEF sees as its task the support of these children - so that staying in a boarding school becomes an extreme measure and does not impede development and socialization. Only the family environment should become a place of growth and development for babies up to 3 years. The consequences of every day spent in a boarding school outside the family may be irreversible for the baby’s health and well-being.