In Kazakhstan, significant progress has been made in reducing child mortality since 2008, when the country switched to international criteria for live births. Neonatal mortality rates have declined by more than 50[OG1] . In many ways, the decline in mortality is due to the improved well-being of the population and increased spending on health care. Since 2011, the strategies of “Integrated Management of Childhood Illness” (IMCI) and “Making pregnancy safer” (MPS) have been introduced and distributed throughout the country. The reduction of these indicators was achieved by improving emergency care for mothers, newborns and young children.
Despite a significant decline, infant mortality in Kazakhstan is still relevant. In the regions, programs for perinatal and neonatal care and care for sick newborns do not work effectively.