Advancing Girls' Education in Zambia through WASH in schools

A formative study on menstrual hygiene management in Mumbwa and Rufunsa districts

Students carry buckets filled with water and on which taps have been installed


Menstruation is one of the most important and inevitable changes that occur in girls during their adolescent years. However, its onset comes with numerous challenges that affect the wellbeing of girls especially when it comes to managing their menstruation in the school environment. The Ministry of General Education commissioned a formative qualitative research study to understand the  different factors that affect Menstrual Hygiene Management (MHM) in schools and the reasons behind them. This report presents the research results obtained from rural schools in Rufunsa and Mumbwa districts of Zambia. The study findings informed the development of the MHM basic package comprising of national guidelines and toolkit.

A group of smiling school children in Zambia


Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University

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(PDF, 3,65 MB)