All schools in Europe & Central Asia should remain open and made safer from COVID-19, say WHO and UNICEF

30 August 2021

COPENHAGEN & GENEVA, August 30 – As millions of school children return to school across the European Region where the highly transmissible SARS-CoV-2 Delta variant is dominant, the WHO Regional Office for Europe and UNICEF Europe and Central Asia Regional Office call for schools to stay open and made safer by adopting measures to minimise transmission of the virus.

These measures include offering teachers and other school staff the COVID-19 vaccine as part of the target population groups in national vaccination plans, while ensuring vaccination of vulnerable populations. In addition, children aged 12 years and above who have underlying medical conditions that significantly increases their risk for put that at greater risk of severe COVID-19 disease must be vaccinated; improvements to the school environment through better classroom ventilation, smaller class sizes where possible, physical distancing and regular testing of children and staff, are other important actions.

“The pandemic has caused the most catastrophic disruption to education in history. It is therefore vital that classroom-based learning continues uninterrupted across the European Region. This is of paramount importance for children’s education, mental health and social skills, for schools to help equip our children to be happy and productive members of society”, Dr Hans Henri P. Kluge, WHO Regional Director for Europe explains.

“It will be some time before we can put the pandemic behind us but educating children safely in a physical school setting must remain our primary objective, so we don't rob them of the opportunities they so deserve. We encourage all countries to keep schools open and urge all schools to put in place measures to minimize the risk of COVID-19 and the spread of different variants.”

Scaling up vaccination to protect from the Delta variant

The highly transmissible  SARS-CoV-2 Delta variant has added an additional layer of concern and complication to this year’s school opening season. The high incidence of COVID-19 in the community make transmission in schools much more likely. Therefore, we must all commit to reduce the transmission of the virus.

Data clearly shows that receiving a full COVID-19 vaccination series significantly reduces the risk of severe disease and death. Therefore, when called to take the vaccine please do so and make sure you complete the full vaccine dose series.

“Vaccination is our best line of defence against the virus, and for the pandemic to end we must rapidly scale up vaccinations fairly in all countries, including supporting vaccine production and sharing of doses, to protect the most vulnerable, everywhere. We must also continue to follow the public health and social measures we know work, including testing, sequencing, tracing, isolation and quarantine,” Dr Hans Henri P. Kluge said.

Making schools safer is a whole-of-society responsibility

Philippe Cori, Deputy Regional Director, from UNICEF Europe and Central Asia said, “The pandemic is not over. We all have a part to play to ensure that schools remain open across the Region. Children and youth cannot risk having another year of disrupted learning. Vaccination and protective measures together will help prevent a return to the darkest days of the pandemic when people had to endure lockdowns and children had to experience disruption of learning.

“Children have been the silent victims of the pandemic, and the most marginalized have been amongst the hardest hit. Prior to COVID-19, the Region’s most vulnerable children were already out-of-school, or in school, but not learning at the same level as their classmates.

“A school is so much more than a building. It's a place of learning, safety and play at the heart of our communities. When they are closed, children, miss out on learning, being with their friends and may be exposed to violence in the home. The pandemic worsened an already unacceptable situation - we must ensure that schools reopen, and they stay open safely.

Expert recommendations

To help keep schools open and safe, WHO, UNICEF and UNESCO have endorsed a set of eight expert recommendations developed by the WHO European Technical Advisory group for schooling during COVID-19.  For use by the 53 Member States in the WHO European Region they are:

  1. Schools to be among the last places to close and first to re-open.
  2. Put in place a testing strategy.
  3. Ensure effective risk-mitigation measures.
  4. Protect children’s mental and social well-being.
  5. Protect the most vulnerable and marginalized children.
  6. Improve the school environment.
  7. Involve children & adolescents in decision-making.
  8. Implement a vaccination strategy designed to keep children in school.


Notes to editor

The WHO European Region Technical Advisory Group (TAG) is an independent group of experts established by the WHO Regional Director for Europe.


For further information, please contact:


Sarah Tyler,

Ian Woolverton,

Bhanu Bhatnagar,



Shima Islam,


About us:

The World Health Organization (WHO) is the authority responsible for public health within the United Nations system. The WHO Regional Office for Europe (WHO/Europe) is one of WHO’s six regional offices around the world. We serve the WHO European Region, which comprises 53 countries, covering a vast geographical region from the Atlantic to the Pacific oceans. WHO/Europe staff are public health, scientific and technical experts, based in the main office in Copenhagen, Denmark, in 3 technical centres and in country offices in 30 Member States.

UNICEF's Europe & Central asia Regional Office works with and for disadvantaged children and adolescents in 21 countries and territories across Europe and Central Asia. Our ambition is to get the entire region working together - as one - on behalf of its most vulnerable children. We implement programmes and conduct advocacy on child poverty, child protection, education, health, immunization and children with disabilities. 

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