Water, Sanitation and Hygiene National Outcome Routine Mapping Report 2021

A report of findings

A girl drinking clean water from a tap


The 2021 Water Sanitation and Hygiene National Outcome Routine Mapping (WASHNORM) survey is a collaboration between the Federal Ministry of Water Resource and the National Bureau of Statistics with support from UNICEF, the World Bank, WHO and other development partners. This 2021 WASHNORM, which is the third in the series, is a testament to the fact that collecting routine data on key indicators to measure service levels for water, sanitation and hygiene is now fully institutionalized by the Government of Nigeria through the Federal Ministry of Water Resources.

This report presents information on the data collected under the 2021 WASHNORM survey, using a set of indicators that tracked access to WASH services at the household and in institutions, including schools, health care facilities and public places (markets and transportation hubs). While keeping with the already established survey design and processes from WASHNORM 2018 and 2019, the 2021 WASHNORM took a deep dive into the module on urban utility mapping, providing for the first time a detailed analysis of the status of urban water works in Nigeria.

The Nigeria WASH sector has made modest progress in the last couple of years, with the presidential declaration of a state of emergency in the WASH sector and the national flag-off of the clean Nigeria campaign towards achieving an open defecation free (ODF) Nigeria by 2025. However, as revealed by the 2021 WASHNORM report, about 48 million Nigerians still defecate in the open, while only 8% of the population practice safe handwashing. Furthermore, 23% of Nigerians do not have access to basic water supply services and only 10% of the population have access to basic water, sanitation and hygiene services combined.

The WASHNORM survey again provides useful data for evidence-based planning, resource mobilization, budgeting and allocation and informed decision on WASH intervention to accelerate results for an ODF Nigeria by 2025 and progress towards achieving SDG 6.1 and 6.2 by 2030.

Cover page of the 2021 WASHNORM report
Federal Ministry of Water Resources, National Bureau of Statistics, World Bank and UNICEF
Publication date