Children in Madagascar : a promise of a future
Situation analysis of the mother and child
The situation analysis provides a thorough analysis of child rights in Madagascar, in order to guide the vision and implementation of interventions in the context of the new UNICEF 2015–2019 country programme. In broader terms, this analysis aims to provide a comprehensive framework on the rights of the Malagasy child in order to facilitate advocacy and guide the planning of future development programmes and policies.
The study was conducted on the basis of the most recent national surveys and a large literature review of workshops and consultations with national partners organized by the UNICEF country office in Madagascar. It was designed according to an approach based on human rights, gender and equity, leaning on the principle that human rights are universal, indivisible, interdependent and inalienable, and that all children have the same rights, regardless of gender, ethnicity, religion, region, place of residence or level of wealth.
The situation analysis begins by presenting the national context (Section 1) and is divided into three parts: the right to survival of the mother and child (Section 2), with three sub-components: nutrition, health and water, sanitation, and hygiene; the right to education (Section 3) and the right to child protection (Section 4).
For each section, the study shows the trends in national indicators, presents
an overview of the disparities in access to rights and services and analyzes
the causes of the problems identified. It concludes with five major priority
challenges and recommendations for the coming years in order to significantly
increase the realization of the children’s and women’s rights in Madagascar.