Survey on Child Labour in Agriculture in the Bekaa Valley of Lebanon: The Case of Syrian Refugees
Study reveals the sad reality of child labour among Syrian refugees working in agriculture in the Bekaa Valley
This report explores the experiences of child labour among Syrian refugees in the Bekaa Valley of Lebanon and is based on data collected on 12,708 refugees living in 1,902 informal tented settlements.
Specifically, the study takes a multidimensional approach to explore the living and working conditions of child labourers in the agricultural sector in the Bekaa Valley and explores the impact of these conditions on child well-being and its manifestation in both; the workplace and their living spaces. This is captured through a comprehensive data on population demographics, socioeconomic data, income and expenditures, occupational experiences, food security and health outcomes.
The surveyed population of Syrian refugees was generally young, with 65% being under the age of 18 years and with a relatively large composition of households as 50% were comprised of 7 members or more. Around 29% of the households were headed by females and most of the households (74%) were severely food insecure. The majority of the children engaged labour (around 75%) worked in the field of agriculture and in occupations that are considered hazardous, dangerous, and unfit for their age. Only 18.3% of the working children were enrolled in some form of learning and around 51% of the children who were not engaged in learning, reported ‘work’ as the main barrier for accessing education.