12 June 2024

UNICEF oxygen scale-up strategy operationalization in Lebanon

The Rapid Oxygen Assessment Report provides a comprehensive analysis of the oxygen situation in selected governmental hospitals in Lebanon, identifying critical gaps in the oxygen supply chain and equipment. This report aims to inform the development of the Oxygen Road Map Recommendations for the Lebanese Ministry of Public Health, with a focus on quantitative analysis, emphasizing supply chain and equipment/plants analysis.The primary objective of the Oxygen Rapid Assessment is to advance the recommendations made in the oxygen generation roadmap by facilitating the creation of policies, strategies, and guidelines for their implementation. Additionally, the assessment aims to provide technical support for personnel involved in the operations and maintenance of oxygen generation equipment.To support the necessary consultative meetings and data gathering, UNICEF coordinated with authorities and relevant stakeholders. THINK GLOBAL was tasked with performing a gap analysis and a rapid assessment of the oxygen ecosystem in a subset of selected governmental hospitals using the UNICEF-Oxygen System Planning Tool.Objective: The goal is to analyze the oxygen situation in selected governmental hospitals in Lebanon, identifying gaps and providing actionable recommendations for policy and strategy development.Methodology: The assessment included hospital site visits by technical personnel, who systematically applied the UNICEF Oxygen Assessment Tool and conducted physical inspections.Data Collection: Key Informant Interviews (KIIs) and Focus Group Discussions (FGDs) were held with health facilities’ staff, including medical and non-medical personnel, management, coordination, and technical maintenance teams.Focus Areas: The activities primarily concentrated on evaluating the operational status and maintenance capacity of the oxygen systems in the assessed hospitals.Outcome: The findings will inform the development of the Oxygen Road Map Recommendations, aimed at improving the oxygen supply chain and equipment maintenance, ultimately enhancing healthcare delivery in Lebanon's governmental hospitals.This report is a crucial step toward ensuring a reliable oxygen supply in Lebanese hospitals, contributing to better healthcare outcomes for the population.
30 April 2024

Caught in the Crossfire

Six months into the cross-border conflict between Lebanon and Israel, hostilities along the border have intensified, marked by near-daily airstrikes that have progressively hit deeper into Lebanon. These strikes have damaged civilian infrastructure and facilities and have resulted in the death of 344 people, including 8 children and 21 women, as well as injured 75 children. This conflict is the latest crisis to impact Lebanon, which has already been devastated by a protracted economic and political crisis. The conflict has reduced access to essential services, such as health and education – worsening an already dire situation for children and their communities. As of the end of April, almost 90,000 people, including over 30,000 children, have been displaced from their homes.The current conflict has exacerbated a pre-existing education crisis in Lebanon. Up to 20,000 children in the South of the country have had a disrupted school year; with negative impacts on their ability to build the foundational literacy, numeracy and life skills they need for a brighter future. Continued disruption to in-person teaching and learning heightens risks like child labour and early marriage for the most vulnerable children including children with disabilities and girls and adolescent young women. Even before the current conflict, over 700,000 children were out of school and not learning. The continued disruption to education, especially in the South, risks making it even harder for Out of School Children to be in school, for longer and learning more.By December 2023, 16% of families resorted to sending children to work, up from 11% in April, with Syrian refugee families particularly affected.4 Access to services, notably public healthcare, is declining due to financial constraints, energy shortages, and a lack of resources and medication. Most wastewater treatment plants are non-functional, leading to environmental degradation and water contamination. The current conflict has only worsened these conditions, leading to a surge in humanitarian needs across the country – requiring urgent action to address the pressing needs of the most vulnerable children.