Definition and Classification of Disability

Learn more about inclusive education

Definition and Classification of Disability


The purpose of this booklet is to assist UNICEF staff and our partners to get to know the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) of the World Health Organization (WHO) and gain an understanding of how it fits within UNICEF’s mission. The ICF is a standard and universal language and conceptual basis to understand and describe disability. It brings together the diverse models of disability and understands disability as a description of the situation of a person rather than as a characteristic of the person.

  • Why you should get involved with the ICF.

  • Using the ICF to conceptualise disability.

  • How the ICF relates to inclusive education.

  • How the ICF can be used to support the participation of all children.

Definition and Classification of Disability
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Spanish, English

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