Over the past years the economy of Kazakhstan has demonstrated a steady growth ensured by the extractive industry, which contributed to an increase in government expenditures in health care, education and social protection in absolute terms.
However, a GDP share allocated to social development (9.7% in 2014) is more than twofold lower than the similar indicator (21.6% in 2014) in the countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. In 2015, despite the national budget reduction by 10%, the state's obligations under social programs were preserved.
Poverty is especially urgent and sensitive because more than 90% of poor families are multi-child families, and children make up more than 40% of all Kazakhstanis living below the poverty line. Poverty affects every aspect of child’s life: malnutrition, lack of potable water and adequate sanitation, health status, and longevity. Poverty has an equally strong impact on both physical condition of children and their mental, emotional and spiritual development, and ultimately on their personal fulfilment ability in adulthood and escaping the vicious circle of poverty.