Over the past ten years Kazakhstan has initiated a series of reforms in the field of juvenile justice aimed at providing services, protecting children and bringing national practices in line with international standards. Positive reforms contributed to the adoption of a new legal framework, restricting pre-trial detention of minors, replacing criminal responsibility with alternative correctional treatment, providing support and assistance to child victims and witnesses of crime.
- Children in conflict with the law
Statistics indicate a decrease in the registered crimes committed by children: in 2009 - 6,651, in 2017 - 3,148. The proportion of girls among juvenile delinquents was 7.0%. Re-offending children accounted for 12.7%.
Over the years, convictions for children has decreased from 2,654 in 2009 to 443 in 2017. The number of children in pre-trial custody has also decreased, from 475 in 2009 to 166 in 2017. In addition, the number of children in detention also decreased, from 427 at the end of 2009 to 49 in 2017.
- Child victims and witnesses of crime
The data indicate a significant increase and then a reduction in child victims over the past few years. In 2017, 2014 crimes were committed against minors, while in 2014 - 7,882 crimes.
Source: data of 2009. TransMonEE (a website developed by UNICEF for monitoring the situation of children and women in Europe and Central Asia: http://www.transmonee.org/); data of 2017: Prosecutor General's Office
Source: Prosecutor General's Office
Source: data of 2009: TransMonEE, data of 2017: Prosecutor General's Office