According to Kazakhstan legislation young people of adolescence (10–19 years old) fall into both categories of children (0–18 years old) and young people (14–28 years old). This period provides tremendous opportunities and almost unlimited potential for growth, energy and creativity. However, young people also require particular attention due to increased risks and vulnerabilities for adolescents - both boys and girls.
The problem of adolescent suicides and suicide attempts is becoming more and more widely recognized as a global phenomenon. Suicide invariably ranks among the leading external death causes among adolescents.
Young people are usually very reserved about self-directed violence; nevertheless, international studies revealed that young people who admit having hurt themselves often say that they do this to help mitigate their sadness, anxiety or emotional distress. However, studies conducted both in Kazakhstan and in other countries demonstrate that at least 90 per cent of adolescents who committed suicide had depression symptoms and low resilience level.