Prevention of Mother-To-Child Transmission of HIV

The key to ensure that no child is born with HIV

Ibu Mawar with her son
UNICEF/2019/Fauzan

Indonesia is one of the countries in the world reporting a rising number of new HIV infections in recent years, with a profile similar to countries with concentrated epidemics.

There are currently estimated to be 640,000 people living with HIV/AIDS in Indonesia.

In 2019 the Ministry of Health (MOH) reported that 38% of cases were among women. 

This is worrying since the chance of transmission, particularly from mothers to child can be greatly reduced with proper treatment prior to or during pregnancy.

Elimination of new HIV infections among children can be achieved through the Prevention of Mother To Child Transmission (PMTCT) program where HIV prevention, diagnosis and treatment are provided to young girls, women living with HIV and pregnant women that have not been tested with HIV.

The Implementation of PMTCT Program in Indonesia

Since 2008, UNICEF Indonesia has been supporting Papua and West Papua Governments in strengthening the PMTCT Program at provincial and district level. Initial implementation was started in 2012 with Sorong City as one of pilot sites, in addition to Jakarta, Bandung and Surabaya.  

The early diagnosis of HIV is very important for initiation of care, treatment, support and to prevent further transmission of HIV.

Because of the high risk of death before the age of 2 years among HIV-infected infants, and given the increasing availability of paediatric antiretroviral treatment in many resource-limited settings. UNICEF supports West Papua Province to build the capacity of health providers so they can conduct early testing of infants for HIV since 2018. In 2019, 25 children in Sorong City and Manokwari district has been saved from HIV infection. Early infant diagnosis (EID) of HIV allows health-care providers to offer optimal care and treatment to HIV infected children, assist in decision-making on infant feeding, and avoid needless stress of mothers and families. EID helps save lives in West Papua.

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