Community-Led Total Sanitation and Hygiene (CLTSH)

Progress on CLTSH in Ethiopia: Findings from a National Review

Feysel Ali, 8 and a grade 2 student washing his face at Tsetse Adurnunu primary school, Benishangul Gumuz


A 2015-16 survey of Community-Led Total Sanitation and Hygiene (CLTSH) across 8 Regions of Ethiopia has found that open defecation continues to reduce across the country, now estimated at 32%. Much of this coverage remains ‘unimproved’ or basic, and the next big challenge, whilst continuing to accelerate progress, is converting this coverage to ‘improved’ or ‘safe’ sanitation.

Whilst the implementation of CLTSH remains strong, the study findings suggest there are some key implementation adjustments which could improve the uptake of improved sanitation.


Wash field note
Jane Bevan, Rural WASH Manager, UNICEF Ethiopia.
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