Launch of the National Report: “Understanding Child Multidimensional Poverty in Egypt”

Nearly 10 million children are multidimensionally poor in Egypt, according to the National Child Multidimensional Poverty Analysis report “Understanding Child Multidimensional Poverty in Egypt"

28 May 2018
إطلاق تقرير فقر الأطفال متعدد الأبعاد في مصر
يونيسف/مصر 2017/محمد عبد الوهاب

Cairo, Egypt, 12 December 2017 - Nearly 10 million children are multidimensionally poor in Egypt, according to the National Child Multidimensional Poverty Analysis report “Understanding Child Multidimensional Poverty in Egypt”.

The report is released today in an event on Social Protection in Egypt hosted by the Ministry of Social Solidarity (MoSS) in partnership with other partners. It has been jointly produced by MoSS, the Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics (CAPMAS), and the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF). It adapts the global Multi-Dimensional Overlapping Deprivation Analysis (MODA) methodology to Egypt’s National context, on the basis of information available from national datasets. 

Poverty is not only the state of being poor, but is rather the result of a combination of deprivations. The report considers deprivation in eight dimensions of a child wellbeing: access to water; access to sanitation; access to information; housing conditions; health; nutrition; education, and protection. The report presented today estimates that 10 million children in Egypt are multidimensionally poor.

“The 2030 National Sustainable Development Strategy (SDS) acknowledges the need to alleviate poverty, and to contribute to achieving social justice in Egypt, with special emphasize on the most vulnerable. Expanding the social safety nets, harmonizing social policies among government and civil society partners, enhancing integration with other services will help achieve positive impact on child multidimensional poverty”. We put high emphasis on investing on human capital and boosting development indicators for children, said Her Excellency, Ghada Wali, Minister of Social Solidarity.

The findings of the MODA report show that the main causes of child poverty in Egypt are health, nutrition, and child protection. It also highlights that the incidence of multidimensional poverty differs widely by child age, geographic location, and child and household socio-economic characteristics. The study reveals that child poverty in rural areas is higher across all age groups as compared to urban areas. In rural areas, 2 in 5 under-five children are poor compared to 1 in 4 in urban areas.              

“Globally and regionally, the study of poverty has shifted away from traditional approaches that evaluated poverty solely on the basis of monetary measures. It has been demonstrated that evaluations of poverty require a more comprehensive and multidimensional approach to identify the challenges faced by families (including children) suffering from poverty. This National MODA report provides and integral reference to better address child poverty in all its forms”, said General Abou-Bakr El-Gendy, Head of CAPMAS.

The study reveals that under five Children are the most deprived among all children, with 37 percent of them being multidimensionally poor. According to Bruno Maes, UNICEF Representative in Egypt, “The situation of under-five children calls for timely multispectral actions, comprising health and nutrition, protection as well as education to break the vicious circle of child poverty and allow children in Egypt to survive and thrive to their full potentials.”

The report ‘Understanding Child Multidimensional Poverty in Egypt’ was prepared following several consultation and workshops with national stakeholders. The participants included the National Council for Childhood and Motherhood, Ministry of Health and Population, Ministry of Planning, Ministry of Finance, National Nutrition Institute, academia and international organizations.


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