MODA final report, 2021

A Multiple Overlapping Deprivation Analysis

Mother and Children


This report presents the multidimensional child deprivation analysis for Zimbabwe, applying the Multiple Overlapping Deprivation Analysis (MODA) methodology that measures various aspects of child poverty. The data used for this analysis was collected by the Zimbabwe National
Statistics Agency (ZIMSTAT), through the Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS), in 2019. The analysis takes the child as the unit of analysis and applied a life-cycle approach in the selection of dimensions and indicators to capture the different deprivations children experience
at different stages of their life.

The objective of the report is to present Child Poverty in Zimbabwe using a direct method of child poverty measurement which analyses deprivations experienced by the child. The report goes beyond mere deprivation rates and identifies the depth of child poverty by analysing the extent to which the different deprivations are experienced simultaneously – multiple / overlapping deprivations. In this analysis, Child Poverty is defined as non-fulfilment of children’s rights to survival, development, protection and participation, anchored in the United Nation’s Convention on the Rights of the Child.

The report is the second for Zimbabwe, following the production of the first report in 2016, based on MICS 2014 data, and aims to monitor and evaluate the progress in achieving development for children as per the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 1.2. The data from this report will assist the Zimbabwean Government, Development Partners and the donor community to take stock of where the country is in achieving these child focused Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

MODA final report, 9 November 2021_COVER
UNICEF Zimbabwe and Zimbabwe National Statistics Agency
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