Social Protection

UNICEF is committed to helping Viet Nam realize a child-sensitive social protection system that addresses social vulnerabilities, alongside income poverty and economic shocks.

Viet Nam aspires to an inclusive social protection system relevant to its lower middle-income status and to better realize basic human rights.
UNICEF Viet Nam\Doan Bao Chau

The Challenge

Viet Nam aspires to an inclusive social protection system relevant to its lower middle-income status and to better realize basic human rights. However, the current social protection system is fragmented, with limited coverage and an inadequate range of benefits neither progressive nor child sensitive. As a result, the system is unable to address the multiple disadvantages, risks and vulnerabilities affecting children’s well-being.

Just 10 per cent of children can access social transfers, yet they are more affected by poverty than any other age group - accounting for 36.7 per cent of Viet Nam’s poor. There is a lack of basic cash support for children to address age-specific risks such as malnutrition, while eight-in-10 ethnic minority children are deprived from access to social services.

Children, particularly ethnic minority ones, are more affected by the changing nature of poverty and vulnerabilities than any other social group in Viet Nam.
UNICEF Viet Nam\Truong Viet Hung

Children, particularly ethnic minority ones, are more affected by the changing nature of poverty and vulnerabilities than any other social group in Viet Nam.

The Solution

To address multi-dimensional child poverty and improve the lives of children, UNICEF is supporting the government to develop a child-sensitive social protection system. Such a system will mitigate the impacts of poverty, support families in their childcare role and enhance access to basic services, such as education and healthcare, for the poorest and most marginalized.

This will be achieved through generation of evidence and analysis on new forms of child poverty and vulnerability, and policy options to improve coverage and effectiveness of social assistance for children. In particular, strengthening the legal, policy and institutional frameworks to implement the national social protection reform agenda towards universal and life-cycle approaches is critical. As many at-risk children live outside family care, Viet Nam’s child-sensitive social protection system must be responsive to this vulnerable group as well as to children facing abuse or discrimination at home.

Social Policy and Governance
UNICEF Viet Nam\Doan Bao Chau

Making social protection more child-sensitive has the potential to benefit not only children, but also their families, communities and national development as a whole.

Resources

Link to video on it's hosted site.
UNICEF Viet Nam
According to development reports, Kinh people account for over 86% of Viet Nam's population with poverty rate recorded at 8.5%. People of Ethnic Minorities account for less than 15% of the total population, but half of them are living in poverty. For every 10 children of ethnic minorities, eight are deprived of basic needs, and most of them are living in areas of difficult socio-economic conditions, which are also known as "pockets of poverty". Let’s join UNICEF in getting to know more about the lives of ethnic minority children and the situation of multi-dimensional child poverty in order to call for more actions and policy efforts in addressing the issue.