Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) Study

Research on Adverse Childhood Experiences in Serbia

Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) Study
UNICEF Serbia/2019


An adverse childhood experience (ACE) describes a traumatic experience in a person’s life occurring before the age of 18 that the person remembers as an adult.

The following are examples of ACEs: physical abuse, emotional abuse, sexual abuse, alcoholism in the family, drug abuse in the family, depression or any other mental illness in the family, suicide in the family, incarceration of a family member, abuse of mother by her partner, abuse of father by his partner, parent separation, psychological neglect, physical neglect, bullying, involvement in physical fight, community violence, and collective violence.

The purpose of the research was to explore the prevalence of risk factors, ACEs and their consequences in terms of health and education outcomes on a nationally representative sample of adults 18–65 years old in Serbia.

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