Children are extremely vulnerable during emergencies. South Asia is prone to yearly flooding, landslides, droughts and earthquakes. It is also a conflict-affected region. The frequency and pervasiveness of natural or human-made disasters in South Asia puts a large number of children at risk. According to the Global EFA monitoring report 2015, out of the total 34 million children and adolescents living in conflict-affected countries globally, 7 million are in South Asia.
With the increase in environmental degradation, climate change and unplanned development, there is a rise in occurrence of disasters. According to the SAARC Disaster Management Centre, South Asia accounted for 96.5 percent of the total numbers of disasters recorded globally in 2011. This has serious implications for such a highly populous region, where a large number of people are poor, marginalized and at risk.